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For metallurgy mine development strategic thinking

浏览次数: 日期:2012-12-13 13:24:53

摘要:

15 period in the history of metallurgy mine is very extraordinary five years, the industry to get rid of the long-term business difficu

  

"15" period in the history of metallurgy mine is very extraordinary five years, the industry to get rid of the long-term business difficult situation, resources supply capacity growth, and the economic benefit is improved obviously, the industrial status improve productivity, a greater level ascension, resource processing, and comprehensive utilization and mining area environment management attention paid to employees, spirit had the profound change.

In 2005, the iron ore identified resources reserves in continuous years down the first time after growth, an increase of 0.85 � and national enterprises above designated size production 420.4927 million tons of iron ore, manganese ore production 10 million tons, the breakthrough new highs. The acquisition has been completed investment in the fixed assets 28.2 billion yuan, an increase of 114.6 � 0. Iron ore enterprises above designated size sales income is 127.984 billion yuan, realize profit is 20.065 billion yuan, up increase 24. L2 � 0 and 37.5 � and � � large mine strengthen efficient mining, hematite ore dressing technology and equipment, and other key technology of a major breakthrough. Select the comprehensive recovery increased by 3%, the recovery rate of large and middle scale open-pit mines reached 96.24 � and underground ore recovery rate reached 81 � and dressing metal recovery more than 80 � 0. Iron ore average scale of production is improved by 38.6 � and � � built a number of international leading, high yield and high efficiency, green environmental protection of modern enterprises, large and medium-sized mining technology and equipment level and production efficiency are increased year by year, drive the industry overall productivity level of ascension.

However, we must be clear to see, in metallurgical mining development process still has many problems. Such as: resource guarantee level is low, loss serious waste. Now has proven iron ore have reserves of 59 billion tons, to sift degree of accounted for only 31.5 � and � � unused resources development and utilization, which can be the basis of the reserves accounted for only twenty � and � � in recent years, iron ore prices, appear development order, resources FuJiOu small ore blossom everywhere, eager for quick success and instant benefit loss caused by resources waste serious. Some large mining area are dismembered segmentation, large mining enterprise depleted mines and lack of resources.

The development and utilization of the structure unreasonable, the industry concentration is low. The national all kinds of iron ore mine in 6800, the average production capacity of 60000 tons/year. Mining enterprises above designated size of all of the total number of mine only 23.5 � and the biggest 10 mining enterprises industry production of the national output only 25 � and lack of a batch of the iron ore supply and demand balance and market stability has certain adjustment ability of large mining enterprise, industry appeared in disordered competition phenomenon.

Ecological damage is serious, the environmental management lag. Chats tailings large dumps, waste gas dust emission, a large number of mining area water balance suffered damage, the mining induced geological disasters caused by soil erosion, vegetation destruction, land desertification, affects the mining area topography. Especially in recent years, to a wide range of low grade ore use, to the environment and landscape of damage is unprecedented. 70 � 0 � 0 small mines, tailings, dump does not meet the requirements of safety and environment, some small chats, tailings disorderly row of turbulence, should draw high attention.

Rapid development of latent operational risk behind: in recent years the rapid development of the iron and steel industry, pull the iron ore resources demand, the price rises considerably, acquisition of three consecutive years of investment growth. In the iron ore price high operation caused by the expansion investment projects, most of the development degree of difficulty is big, poor product quality, production cost is high, facing the domestic iron and steel growth is slowing, international ore production rapid release and international ore price declines the severe challenge.

And science and technology level is low, the production technology and equipment still lag behind: industry overall reform did not reach the designated position, Two thirds of the large and medium-sized state-owned mine into the period, still a lot of problems left over by history, etc.

As the national economy and the steady and sustained development of the iron and steel industry, resource demand increases, and the total amount of resources, environment, the shortage of talents further intensify the pressure. According to the requirement of the scientific development concept, science for metallurgy mine development strategy, promote the industry in the new period, achieve new development, in front of us is a reality and has a far-reaching impact on the important task.

A, implementation to "improve resources supply capacity and guarantee degree" as the goal of the resources development strategy is the implementation of the "eleventh five-year plan" land and resources planning outline, strengthen resource planning management, scientific and reasonable defined national planning field and has important value to the national economy of the mining area, large-size mine enterprise resources, the cognizance of the mineral right set with state and local major construction phase matching, and mining qualification adapt, and mine production and construction planning phase cohesion.

 

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